The Sketch

It all begins with my notebook...but sometimes I just sit down and let my heart guide me. Without a sketch in mind I can play and experiment with the wax until I come up with something I like.


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Creating With Wax

I personally sculpt and carve each piece freehand in my home studio in Los Angeles. Each time I sit down to create, there is a ritual: filling my alcohol lamp, turning it upside down to soak the wick, and igniting the wick with a lighter. Once the alcohol lamp is lit, I start by heating my wax pen tip in the flame. Once hot, the tip is used to melt and gather wax by pressing it into a wax block, and lastly to drip molten wax into the shape of my choosing. The process requires repetitive movements, focus, and patience, making each piece a meditative work of art rather than a concept made by a machine. Once the general shape is there, I use a sanding sponge or carving tool to get rid of unwanted wax and smooth the edges and surfaces. 


Lost Wax Casting

The delicate wax model is then brought to my caster in downtown Los Angeles. A very simplified version of what happens next: The design is fused onto a rubber base which is inserted into a flask (container). Refractory plaster is poured into the flask surrounding the wax design. Once the plaster hardens, the wax is burned out (hence, lost wax) and all that is left is negative space in the exact shape of my miniature wax sculpture. Molten metal is then poured into the flask filling in the negative space. The plaster is removed and you are left with a rough casting that needs some TLC! 


Stone Setting

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Finishing & Polishing

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